The Constitution Act of 1982 which brought the Canadian constitution: A constitution is the system of fundamental principles according to which a nation, state or group is governed.constitution home from Great Britain, begins with the declaration of a Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Charter is meant to protect the rights of individual Canadians against any arbitrary: based on one's own wishes, not based on rule or law.arbitrary act by governments or collective majorities.
If anyone feels their rights have been taken away, they can take their case to court. The Charter has a major limitation though. There is a "notwithstanding" clause that allows provinces to pass laws which may override the charter. The only two exceptions to this are equality of the sexes and equality of the two official languages of Canada. Neither of these can be diminished by the "notwithstanding" clause. This clause was a compromise which Trudeau had to agree to in order to get the provinces to back his Charter.